Contemporary international problems and position of Uzbekistan

After gaining its sovereignty Uzbekistan has gained an opportunity to independently conduct its foreign policy. It was based on the following standard principles: priority of national interests of the state and norms of international law, non-interference to internal affairs of other states, resolution of all disputes in peaceful manner.

Objectively, the decision-making in internal and foreign affairs of Uzbekistan had taken place not only in a complex transitional conditions but also in an uneasy international situation. On the boundaries of the XX and the XXI centuries, after the end of "Cold War " and the collapse of the USSR, the process of formation of a new system of the international relations have begun. Thus, common interests and deep contradictions, tendencies not only for cooperation but also for rivalry have been developed.

The contemporary world became more interdependent and, at the same time, mutually vulnerable. The tragic events of September 11 demonstrated the whole tenseness of the situation and the scale of a new threats and challenges, which the international community has faced.

The Republic of Uzbekistan repeatedly and beforehand called the international community upon universal and offensive fight against international terrorism and extremism, drug-trafficking; creating of a nuclear weapon free zone in Central Asia; solving the ecological catastrophe in Aral region.

The position of Uzbekistan regarding the stated international problems is as follows.

Firstly, one of the serious threats to international stability is international terrorism and extremism. Currently a practical mechanism for cooperation in combating the terrorism is being actively developed. Uzbekistan as an active member of the anti-terrorist coalition shares the interests of the international community on strengthening the regional security and stability and cooperates with many other countries in this field.

The Republic of Uzbekistan welcomes the progress on working out legal documents in the field of combating international terrorism. However, it's obvious, that practical results can be achieved only by creating a global system of comprehensive cooperation in the context of the UN. Mr. Islam Karimov, the President of Uzbekistan has mentioned: "Today, one truth must be clear for all: no man and no state should stay aside from the battle with this evil (terrorism) threatening the whole mankind".

Proceeding this, Uzbekistan welcomes the work of Counter-Terrorist Committee of the Security Council and wholly supports its effort on the strengthening the potential of the state-members of the UN to resist that evil. It is obvious, that the creation of this Committee is the result of the initiative on creation of International center for combating terrorism by the President Karimov, made public at the summit of OSCE in Istanbul, back in 1999.

The Uzbek side is convinced that the Regional Anti-Terrorist Center of the Shanghai Organization founded in Tashkent serves as an important component of global counter-terrorist system, and open for cooperation with other corresponding institutions.

Extremism, in all of its varieties, poses a serious threat to stability in many regions of the world.

The propaganda of religious extremism represents an ideological training in order to involve people into the organizations of direct terror. That is why, the activity of such an organization as "Khizb-ut-Takhrir" is aimed, mainly, at the young generation.

Therefore, Uzbekistan places a great hopes on UNESCO, UNISEF and other specialized institutions of the UN. The development of special program of the UN on the implementation of purposeful enlightenment and educational works among the youth in order to develop its steady immunity against extremist ideology becomes possible.

Second. Weapons of mass destruction and the aspiration of terrorist forces to possess them are still serious threats.

During the period of globalization, increasing interdependence of contemporary world, wide distribution and accessibility of technologies of double use, these threats have obtained a transnational character, infringing the national security of many states and the international security as a whole.